1. The most familiar socks material fabric: Cotton (Cot […]
1. The most familiar socks material fabric: Cotton (Cotton)
We usually like to wear pure cotton flat knit socks, but is pure cotton 100% cotton? The answer of the hosiery expert is no. If the composition of a pair of socks is 100% cotton, then this pair of socks is cotton. Usually, socks with a cotton content of more than 75% can be called all-cotton socks. Generally, socks with a cotton content of 85% are very high-end cotton socks.
The shortcomings of pure cotton fabrics are not resistant to sunlight, easy to yellow, poor elasticity, easy to wrinkle, mildew and deterioration, abrasion resistance. Therefore, cotton socks also need to add some functional fibers to maintain the elasticity, fastness and comfort of the socks. Spandex, nylon, acrylic, polyester, etc. are all very common functional fibers. Socks that do not contain these functional fibers are not good socks.
Comed Cotton of Cotton Socks
Combed cotton is a long and neat cotton fiber that is left after the shorter fibers in ordinary fibers are removed by a machine called a comber. Due to the removal of short cotton fibers and other fiber impurities, the cotton yarn spun from combed cotton is more delicate, and the finished product feels smoother and more comfortable. It is of better quality among cotton.
Mercerized Cotton (Mercerized Cotton)
Mercerized cotton is cotton fiber processed by mercerizing process in concentrated alkali solution. This kind of cotton fiber has better gloss than ordinary cotton fiber under the premise that the performance of other physical indicators does not change. It is more shiny, like silk, has a smoother feel and is less prone to wrinkles. Mercerized cotton can often be seen in thin summer socks.
2. Socks material with excellent warmth. Fabric: wool
Wool is another common socks fabric. Wool socks are characterized by excellent warmth retention, but they are relatively expensive. It is not very useful for general work, but it is a good choice for home socks in a room without heating. Wool socks are good for warmth and have a good anti-odor effect, but the moisture absorption of wool socks is not unlimited, so sweaty feet are not suitable for wearing wool socks. Inferior wool socks are also prone to pilling.
3. Necessary material for socks Fabric composition: spandex (Spandex)
Spandex is commonly known as elastic fiber, which has high elasticity and strong stretchability, and its stretched length can reach 5-7 times of the original fiber. Textile products with spandex can maintain the original contour. The composition of the socks must contain spandex in order to make the socks more elastic and retractable, easier to wear, and to make the socks fit more closely, just like a swimsuit, it can be tightly wrapped around the footsteps without slipping off. Therefore, spandex is an essential ingredient for almost all socks.
Lycra is actually a kind of spandex fiber. In layman's terms, Lycra is spandex, and spandex is Lycra.
The difference between Lycra and traditional elastic fibers is that it can stretch up to 500% and can slowly return to its original shape. In other words, this kind of fiber can be stretched very easily, but it can be close to the surface of the human body after recovery, and the restraining force on the human body is very small. Lycra fiber can be used with any fabric, including wool, hemp, silk and cotton, to increase the close-fitting, elasticity, and loose nature of the fabric, making it more flexible when moving. Moreover, Lycra is different from most spandex yarns. It has a special chemical structure and will not grow mildew in a humid and heat sealed space after being wet.
Lycra is called a "friendly" fiber, not only because it can be thoroughly integrated with natural and man-made fibers, but also can increase the comfort of the fabric or clothing, the feel of the body, the freedom of movement and the service life.
4. Material and fabric that are inseparable from silk stockings and cotton socks: Jinlun/Polyamide
Nylon is the name of a synthetic fiber with Chinese characteristics. People are more familiar with another name—nylon. The scientific name of nylon is polyamide fiber. Nylon has the same properties as nylon. It is strong and wear-resistant. It is the most wear-resistant and strongest among synthetic fibers. The weight is very light, and the elasticity is good. Adding nylon to the socks can maintain high-strength elasticity. Nylon is the main material of almost all stovepipe socks (or varicose veins elastic stockings). Note that D in stovepipe socks refers to textile density, usually the greater the number, the greater the thickness and pressure. For health reasons, high-D stovepipe socks should not be worn for a long time.
Nylon was developed by American scientist Carothers and a scientific research team led by him. It is the first synthetic fiber in the world. The appearance of nylon has given a new look to textiles. Its synthesis is a major breakthrough in the synthetic fiber industry, and it is also a major breakthrough in the synthetic fiber industry. An important milestone in polymer chemistry.
Acrylic is a more international name. Acrylic is the name of polyacrylonitrile in my country. It is soft, light and warm. It is called "artificial wool". Its weight is more than 10% lighter than wool, but its strength is twice as strong. many. Acrylic fiber will not be moldy and will not be eaten by insects, and its resistance to sunlight is twice that of wool and 10 times that of cotton. In the 1970s and 1980s, what southern women called "bulged wool" was acrylic. The plush, known as acrylic fiber, was particularly light and soft, and it was very much loved by people at that time. However, the acrylic fiber plant has a very big disadvantage that it is easy to pilling and has poor abrasion resistance. The acrylic fiber is added to the fabric to enjoy its light, soft and warm characteristics. In fact, the fiber mixed with acrylic fiber and cashmere wool is also called wool nitrile, which is also a very popular wool variety in the 1970s and 1980s, because both acrylic fiber and wool have excellent thermal performance.
It is hard to imagine that the bathtub and clothing socks are made of acrylic material. The biggest difference is that the bathtub uses acrylic panels, while the clothing socks use acrylic fibers, such as warm pantyhose for spring, autumn and winter.
Polypropylene is a name with Chinese characteristics. In fact, it should be polypropylene fiber, so it is named polypropylene. The biggest thing about polypropylene is that it is light in texture, but its own hygroscopicity is very weak, almost non-hygroscopic, so the moisture regain rate is close to zero. However, its wicking effect is quite strong, and it can transmit water vapor through the fibers in the fabric, which also means that the wicking function of socks containing polypropylene is very strong. In addition, because polypropylene is very strong, wear-resistant and stretchable, it is often seen in sports socks that contain polypropylene.
Polyester fiber/polyester (Polyster)
Compared with natural fibers, polyester has good elasticity and bulkiness, and the woven socks are lighter. In the past, people often wore real cool shirts just to enjoy its lightness. However, polyester has low moisture content, poor air permeability, poor dyeability, easy pilling, and easy staining.
5. Viscose Rayon recycled fiber
This is also a very common fiber component, and it is also common in some woolen coat components. It can also be seen on the labels of some socks ingredients. In fact, it is viscose fiber. The merchants' expressions are often not consistent. For example, rayon and ice silk all refer to the same thing. Do not think that viscose is a non-natural product. In fact, viscose fiber is a fiber produced from cotton or other natural fibers. The characteristic is soft and elegant, adding viscose to the textile can make the hand feel smoother, and the fabric is rich in luster. Because viscose is produced using natural fibers as raw materials, the names and characteristics of viscose produced from different natural fibers are different.
Tencel is actually a kind of viscose fiber, the same as a brand name for Lycra itself which is spandex. It is the brand name of Lyocell fiber produced by the British company Acocdis, and is registered as Tencel in my country.
Bamboo fiber is also a kind of viscose fiber. The raw material of bamboo fiber comes from bamboo. As bamboo is regenerated much faster than wood, it has better environmental protection characteristics in this industrialized contemporary society. The bamboo fiber fabric also has the characteristics of soft and elegant, comfortable to the hand, and is not resistant to wear, moisture absorption, quick-drying and breathable. It is different from cotton, wood and other viscose fibers in that it has good antibacterial properties and health care effects. The bamboo fiber contains an antibacterial substance called "bamboo kun", which has natural antibacterial, anti-mite, and deodorant drug properties. In addition, the UV penetration rate of bamboo fiber is 0.6%, which is 41.6 times that of cotton, which is very good. The raw material of anti-UV fabric.
The antioxidant compounds in bamboo can effectively scavenge free radicals in the body and have anti-aging biological effects. It contains a variety of essential amino acids, and bamboo cellulose, bamboo density, and pectin have the effects of moisturizing the skin and anti-fatigue; it can increase the body's microcirculation blood flow, activate tissue cells, and cause the body to produce a warming effect, which is effective Regulate the nervous system, dredge the meridians and improve the quality of sleep.
Textile fibers belong to the category of viscose. Developed by the Audi Di Lanjing (Lenzing) company. It is made by beating and spinning European beech. It is 100% natural, can be decomposed naturally, and is harmless to the environment and human body. The fabric processed and finished with modal fiber on cotton and polyester has silk-like luster, good drape, soft and smooth hand feeling.
Modal is added to the ingredients of the socks, which can make the socks feel softer and more comfortable. It is also a very popular textile in recent years.
2 What socks to buy for different groups of people
What socks should be worn by pregnant women
During pregnancy, women can choose short socks or loose cotton socks. On the one hand, these socks are very absorbent, and on the other hand, they are not easy to slip. The socks must not be too tight, otherwise it will hinder the swollen legs and feet of the pregnant mother, and the venous return will be hindered, making it more swollen.
Pregnant women can also choose to wear elastic stockings, which are divided into three types: pantyhose, half stockings and stockings. Its special function will expand the elastic pressure weave method of the thigh and strengthen the backflow weave method from the calf to the instep. It can effectively prevent varicose veins in pregnant women and has minor medical functions.
What socks for babies
The baby's socks are still made of pure cotton, but there is no 100% cotton at present, so the higher the cotton content, the better. When choosing, look at the label. Generally, the cotton content is more than 65%.